Mark Chaves

Mark Chaves

Professor of Sociology

External address: 
Soc-Psych Bldg, Rm 348, Box 90088, Durham, NC 27708
Phone: 
(919) 660-5783

Overview

Professor Chaves specializes in the sociology of religion. Most of his research is on the social organization of religion in the United States. Among other projects, he directs the National Congregations Study (NCS), a wide-ranging survey of a nationally representative sample of religious congregations conducted in 1998, 2006-07, and 2012. NCS results have helped us to better understand many aspects of congregational life in the United States. Professor Chaves is the author of American Religion: Contemporary Trends (Princeton, 2011),  Congregations in America (Harvard, 2004), Ordaining Women: Culture and Conflict in Religious Organizations (Harvard, 1997), and many articles.

Education & Training

  • Ph.D., Harvard University 1991
  • M.Div., Harvard University 1985

Chaves, M. A. “The Social Control of Religious Zeal: A Study of Organizational Contradictions, by Jon Miller.” Sociological Inquiry, vol. 65, Wiley: 24 months, 1995, pp. 418–20.

Chaves, M. A. “Public Religions in the Modern World, by Jose Casanova.” Social Forces; a Scientific Medium of Social Study and Interpretation, vol. 73, Oxford University Press (OUP): Policy E - Oxford Open Option D, 1995, pp. 1188–89.

Chaves, M. A. “Full Pews and Empty Altars: Demographics of the Priest Shortage in United States Catholic Dioceses, by Richard A. Schoenherr and Lawrence A. Young.” Contemporary Sociology, vol. 23, American Sociological Association, 1994, pp. 724–25.

Chaves, M. A. “Beyond Establishment: Protestant Identity in a Post-Protestant Age, edited by Jackson Carroll and Wade Clark Roof.” Contemporary Sociology, vol. 23, American Sociological Association, 1994, pp. 438–39.

Chaves, M. A. “The Protestant Presence in Twentieth-Century America: Religion and Political Culture, by Phillip E. Hammond.” The Sociology of Religion: A Quarterly Review, vol. 54, no. 3, 1993, pp. 328–29.

Chaves, M. A. “Upon This Rock: The Miracles of a Black Church, by Samuel G. Freedman.” Harvard Divinity School Bulletin, vol. 22, no. 3, 1993, pp. 16–17.

Chaves, M. A. “When Time Shall Be No More: Prophecy Belief in Modern American Culture, by Paul Boyer.” Contemporary Sociology, vol. 22, no. 5, American Sociological Association, 1993, pp. 657–657.

Chaves, M. A. “The Resilience of Christianity in the Modern World, by Joseph B. Tamney.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, vol. 32, no. 1, Wiley: 24 months, 1993, pp. 90–92.

Chaves, M. A. “Modern American Religion (v. 2): The Noise of Conflict, 1919-1941, by Martin E. Marty.” Sa. Sociological Analysis, vol. 53, no. 1, 1992, pp. 107–08.

Chaves, M. A. “Returning to Tradition: The Contemporary Revival of Orthodox Judaism, by M. Herbert Danzger.” Sa. Sociological Analysis, vol. 5, no. 1, 1990, pp. 114–15.

Pages

Chaves, M. “Religious congregations and welfare reform: assessing the potential.” Can Charitable Choice Work?, Trinity College, 2001, pp. 121–39.

Foley, M., et al. “Social Capital, Religious Institutions, and Poor Communities.” Social Capital and Poor Communities, Russell Sage Foundation Press, 2001, pp. 215–45.

Chaves, Mark. Testing the Assumptions: Who Provides Social Services? Edited by EJ Dionne Jr and Ming Hsu Chen, Brookings Institution Press, 2001, pp. 287–96.

Chaves, M. “The Religious Ethic and the Spirit of Nonprofit Entreneurship.” Private Action and the Public Good, Yale University Press, 1998, pp. 47–65.

Pages

Chaves, M., and B. Wineburg. “Did the faith-based initiative change congregations?Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, vol. 39, no. 2, Apr. 2010, pp. 343–55. Scopus, doi:10.1177/0899764009333955. Full Text

Chaves, M. “SSSR presidential address rain dances in the dry season: Overcoming the religious congruence fallacy.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, vol. 49, no. 1, Mar. 2010, pp. 1–14. Scopus, doi:10.1111/j.1468-5906.2009.01489.x. Full Text

Chaves, M. “Rain dances in the dry season: overcoming the religious congruence fallacy.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, vol. 49, no. 1, Mar. 2010, pp. 1–14. Open Access Copy

Chaves, M., and D. Garland. “The prevalence of clergy sexual advances toward adults in their congregations.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, vol. 48, no. 4, Dec. 2009, pp. 817–24. Scopus, doi:10.1111/j.1468-5906.2009.01482.x. Full Text

Chaves, M. “Congregational snapshot: four church trends.” Christian Century, vol. 126, no. 7, Apr. 2009, pp. 28–31.

Eellison, C. G., et al. “Size, conflict, and opportunities for interaction: Congregational effects on members' anticipated support and negative interaction.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, vol. 48, no. 1, Mar. 2009, pp. 1–15. Scopus, doi:10.1111/j.1468-5906.2009.01426.x. Full Text

Ellison, Christopher, et al. “Congregational Characteristics, Anticipated Support, and Negative Interaction in the Church.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, vol. 48, 2009, p. forthcoming-forthcoming.

Anderson, S. L., et al. “Dearly departed: How often do congregations close?Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, vol. 47, no. 2, June 2008, pp. 321–28. Scopus, doi:10.1111/j.1468-5906.2008.00410.x. Full Text

Chaves, M., and S. L. Anderson. “Continuity and change in American Congregations: Introducing the second wave of the national congregations study.” Sociology of Religion: A Quarterly Review, vol. 69, no. 4, Jan. 2008, pp. 415–40. Scopus, doi:10.1093/socrel/69.4.415. Full Text

Presser, S., and M. Chaves. “Is religious service attendance declining?Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, vol. 46, no. 3, Sept. 2007, pp. 417–23. Scopus, doi:10.1111/j.1468-5906.2007.00367.x. Full Text

Pages

Chaves, M. “The Social Control of Religious Zeal: A Study of Organizational Contradictions.” Sociological Inquiry, vol. 65, no. 3–4, 1995, pp. 418–20.

Chaves, M. “Public Religions in the Modern World.” Social Forces, vol. 73, no. 3, University of North Carolina Press, 1995, pp. 1188–89.

Chaves, M. “Full Pews and Empty Altars: Demographics of the Priest Shortage in United States Catholic Dioceses.” Contemporary Sociology, vol. 23, no. 5, American Sociological Association, 1994, pp. 724–25.

Chaves, M. A. “Upon This Rock: The Miracles of a Black Church.” Harvard Divinity School Bulletin, vol. 22, 1993, pp. 16–17.

Chaves, M. “The Protestant Presence in Twentieth-Century America: Religion and Political Culture.” Sociology of Religion, vol. 54, no. 3, Oxford University Press, 1993, pp. 328–29.

Chaves, M. “When Time Shall Be No More: Prophecy Belief in Modern American Culture.” Contemporary Sociology, vol. 22, no. 5, American Sociological Association, 1993, pp. 657–657.

Chaves, M. A. “The Resilience of Christianity in the Modern World.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, vol. 32, no. 1, Blackwell Publishing, 1993, pp. 90–92.

Chaves, M. “Modern American Religion, Vol. 2: The Noise of Conflict, 1919-1941.” Sociological Analysis, vol. 53, no. 1, 1992, pp. 107–08.

Chaves, M. “Returning to Tradition: The Contemporary Revival of Orthodox Judaism.” Sociological Analysis, vol. 51, no. 1, Oxford University Press, 1990, pp. 114–15.

Chaves, M. “Research Methods for Elite Studies.” Qualitative Sociology, vol. 12, no. 4, 1989, pp. 420–22.

Pages